Source code for datalad.config

# emacs: -*- mode: python; py-indent-offset: 4; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil -*-
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#   See COPYING file distributed along with the datalad package for the
#   copyright and license terms.
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"""
"""

from collections import namedtuple

import json
import threading
from fasteners import InterProcessLock
from functools import lru_cache
import datalad
from datalad.consts import (
    DATASET_CONFIG_FILE,
)
from datalad.cmd import (
    GitWitlessRunner,
    StdOutErrCapture,
)
from datalad.dochelpers import exc_str

import re
import os
from pathlib import Path

import logging
lgr = logging.getLogger('datalad.config')

# git-config key syntax with a section and a subsection
# see git-config(1) for syntax details
cfg_k_regex = re.compile(r'([a-zA-Z0-9-.]+\.[^\0\n]+)$', flags=re.MULTILINE)
# identical to the key regex, but with an additional group for a
# value in a null-delimited git-config dump
cfg_kv_regex = re.compile(
    r'([a-zA-Z0-9-.]+\.[^\0\n]+)\n(.*)$',
    flags=re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL
)
cfg_section_regex = re.compile(r'(.*)\.[^.]+')
cfg_sectionoption_regex = re.compile(r'(.*)\.([^.]+)')


_where_reload_doc = """
        where : {'dataset', 'local', 'global', 'override'}, optional
          Indicator which configuration file to modify. 'dataset' indicates the
          persistent configuration in .datalad/config of a dataset; 'local'
          the configuration of a dataset's Git repository in .git/config;
          'global' refers to the general configuration that is not specific to
          a single repository (usually in $USER/.gitconfig); 'override'
          limits the modification to the ConfigManager instance, and the
          assigned value overrides any setting from any other source.
        reload : bool
          Flag whether to reload the configuration from file(s) after
          modification. This can be disable to make multiple sequential
          modifications slightly more efficient.""".lstrip()

# Selection of os.stat_result fields we care to collect/compare to judge
# on either file has changed to warrant reload of configuration.
_stat_result = namedtuple('_stat_result', 'st_ino st_size st_ctime st_mtime')


# we cannot import external_versions here, as the cfg comes before anything
# and we would have circular imports
[docs]@lru_cache() def get_git_version(runner=None): """Return version of available git""" runner = runner or GitWitlessRunner() return runner.run('git version'.split(), protocol=StdOutErrCapture)['stdout'].split()[2]
def _where_reload(obj): """Helper decorator to simplify providing repetitive docstring""" obj.__doc__ = obj.__doc__ % _where_reload_doc return obj
[docs]def parse_gitconfig_dump(dump, cwd=None, multi_value=True): """Parse a dump-string from `git config -z --list` This parser has limited support for discarding unrelated output that may contaminate the given dump. It does so performing a relatively strict matching of configuration key syntax, and discarding lines in the output that are not valid git-config keys. There is also built-in support for parsing outputs generated with --show-origin (see return value). Parameters ---------- dump : str Null-byte separated output cwd : path-like, optional Use this absolute path to convert relative paths for origin reports into absolute paths. By default, the process working directory PWD is used. multi_value : bool, optional If True, report values from multiple specifications of the same key as a tuple of values assigned to this key. Otherwise, the last configuration is reported. Returns: -------- dict, set Configuration items are returned as key/value pairs in a dictionary. The second tuple-item will be a set of path objects comprising all source files, if origin information was included in the dump (--show-origin). An empty set is returned otherwise. """ dct = {} fileset = set() for line in dump.split('\0'): # line is a null-delimited chunk k = None # in anticipation of output contamination, process within a loop # where we can reject non syntax compliant pieces while line: if line.startswith('file:'): # origin line fname = Path(line[5:]) if not fname.is_absolute(): fname = Path(cwd) / fname if cwd else Path.cwd() / fname fileset.add(fname) break if line.startswith('command line:'): # no origin that we could as a pathobj break # try getting key/value pair from the present chunk k, v = _gitcfg_rec_to_keyvalue(line) if k is not None: # we are done with this chunk when there is a good key break # discard the first line and start over ignore, line = line.split('\n', maxsplit=1) lgr.debug('Non-standard git-config output, ignoring: %s', ignore) if not k: # nothing else to log, all ignored dump was reported before continue # multi-value reporting present_v = dct.get(k, None) if present_v is None or not multi_value: dct[k] = v else: if isinstance(present_v, tuple): dct[k] = present_v + (v,) else: dct[k] = (present_v, v) return dct, fileset
# keep alias with previous name for now _parse_gitconfig_dump = parse_gitconfig_dump def _gitcfg_rec_to_keyvalue(rec): """Helper for parse_gitconfig_dump() Parameters ---------- rec: str Key/value specification string Returns ------- str, str Parsed key and value. Key and/or value could be None if not snytax-compliant (former) or absent (latter). """ kv_match = cfg_kv_regex.match(rec) if kv_match: k, v = kv_match.groups() elif cfg_k_regex.match(rec): # could be just a key without = value, which git treats as True # if asked for a bool k, v = rec, None else: # no value, no good key k = v = None return k, v def _update_from_env(store): overrides = {} dct = {} for k in os.environ: if k == "DATALAD_CONFIG_OVERRIDES_JSON": try: overrides = json.loads(os.environ[k]) except json.decoder.JSONDecodeError as exc: lgr.warning("Failed to load DATALAD_CONFIG_OVERRIDES_JSON: %s", exc) elif k.startswith('DATALAD_'): dct[k.replace('__', '-').replace('_', '.').lower()] = os.environ[k] if overrides: store.update(overrides) store.update(dct)
[docs]def anything2bool(val): if hasattr(val, 'lower'): val = val.lower() if val in {"off", "no", "false", "0"} or not bool(val): return False elif val in {"on", "yes", "true", True} \ or (hasattr(val, 'isdigit') and val.isdigit() and int(val)) \ or isinstance(val, int) and val: return True else: raise TypeError( "Got value %s which could not be interpreted as a boolean" % repr(val))
[docs]class ConfigManager(object): """Thin wrapper around `git-config` with support for a dataset configuration. The general idea is to have an object that is primarily used to read/query configuration option. Upon creation, current configuration is read via one (or max two, in the case of the presence of dataset-specific configuration) calls to `git config`. If this class is initialized with a Dataset instance, it supports reading and writing configuration from ``.datalad/config`` inside a dataset too. This file is committed to Git and hence useful to ship certain configuration items with a dataset. The API aims to provide the most significant read-access API of a dictionary, the Python ConfigParser, and GitPython's config parser implementations. This class is presently not capable of efficiently writing multiple configurations items at once. Instead, each modification results in a dedicated call to `git config`. This author thinks this is OK, as he cannot think of a situation where a large number of items need to be written during normal operation. Each instance carries a public `overrides` attribute. This dictionary contains variables that override any setting read from a file. The overrides are persistent across reloads. Any DATALAD_* environment variable is also presented as a configuration item. Settings read from environment variables are not stored in any of the configuration files, but are read dynamically from the environment at each `reload()` call. Their values take precedence over any specification in configuration files, and even overrides. Parameters ---------- dataset : Dataset, optional If provided, all `git config` calls are executed in this dataset's directory. Moreover, any modifications are, by default, directed to this dataset's configuration file (which will be created on demand) overrides : dict, optional Variable overrides, see general class documentation for details. source : {'any', 'local', 'dataset', 'dataset-local'}, optional Which sources of configuration setting to consider. If 'dataset', configuration items are only read from a dataset's persistent configuration file, if any is present (the one in ``.datalad/config``, not ``.git/config``); if 'local', any non-committed source is considered (local and global configuration in Git config's terminology); if 'dataset-local', persistent dataset configuration and local, but not global or system configuration are considered; if 'any' all possible sources of configuration are considered. """ _checked_git_identity = False # Lock for running changing operation across multiple threads. # Since config itself to the same path could # potentially be created independently in multiple threads, and we might be # modifying global config as well, making lock static should not allow more than # one thread to write at a time, even if to different repositories. _run_lock = threading.Lock() def __init__(self, dataset=None, overrides=None, source='any'): if source not in ('any', 'local', 'dataset', 'dataset-local'): raise ValueError( 'Unknown ConfigManager(source=) setting: {}'.format(source)) store = dict( # store in a simple dict # no subclassing, because we want to be largely read-only, and implement # config writing separately cfg={}, # track the files that jointly make up the config in this store files=set(), # and their modification times to be able to avoid needless unforced reloads stats=None, ) self._stores = dict( # populated with info from git git=store, # only populated with info from committed dataset config dataset=store.copy(), ) # merged representation (the only one that existed pre datalad 0.14) # will be built on initial reload self._merged_store = {} self._repo_dot_git = None self._repo_pathobj = None if dataset: if hasattr(dataset, 'dot_git'): self._repo_dot_git = dataset.dot_git self._repo_pathobj = dataset.pathobj elif dataset.repo: self._repo_dot_git = dataset.repo.dot_git self._repo_pathobj = dataset.repo.pathobj self._config_cmd = ['git', 'config'] # public dict to store variables that always override any setting # read from a file # `hasattr()` is needed because `datalad.cfg` is generated upon first module # import, hence when this code runs first, there cannot be any config manager # to inherit from self.overrides = datalad.cfg.overrides.copy() if hasattr(datalad, 'cfg') else {} if overrides is not None: self.overrides.update(overrides) if dataset is None: if source in ('dataset', 'dataset-local'): raise ValueError( 'ConfigManager configured to read dataset only, ' 'but no dataset given') # The caller didn't specify a repository. Unset the git directory # when calling 'git config' to prevent a repository in the current # working directory from leaking configuration into the output. self._config_cmd = ['git', '--git-dir=', 'config'] self._src_mode = source run_kwargs = dict() self._runner = None if dataset is not None: if hasattr(dataset, '_git_runner'): self._runner = dataset._git_runner elif dataset.repo: self._runner = dataset.repo._git_runner else: # make sure we run the git config calls in the dataset # to pick up the right config files run_kwargs['cwd'] = dataset.path if self._runner is None: self._runner = GitWitlessRunner(**run_kwargs) self.reload(force=True) if not ConfigManager._checked_git_identity: for cfg, envs in ( ('user.name', ('GIT_AUTHOR_NAME', 'GIT_COMMITTER_NAME')), ('user.email', ('GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL', 'GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL'))): if cfg not in self \ and not any(e in os.environ for e in envs): lgr.warning( "It is highly recommended to configure Git before using " "DataLad. Set both 'user.name' and 'user.email' " "configuration variables." ) ConfigManager._checked_git_identity = True
[docs] def reload(self, force=False): """Reload all configuration items from the configured sources If `force` is False, all files configuration was previously read from are checked for differences in the modification times. If no difference is found for any file no reload is performed. This mechanism will not detect newly created global configuration files, use `force` in this case. """ run_args = ['-z', '-l', '--show-origin'] # update from desired config sources only # 2-step strategy: # - load datalad dataset config from dataset # - load git config from all supported by git sources # in doing so we always stay compatible with where Git gets its # config from, but also allow to override persistent information # from dataset locally or globally # figure out what needs to be reloaded at all to_run = {} # committed dataset config dataset_cfgfile = self._repo_pathobj / DATASET_CONFIG_FILE \ if self._repo_pathobj else None if (self._src_mode != 'local' and dataset_cfgfile and dataset_cfgfile.exists()) and ( force or self._need_reload(self._stores['dataset'])): to_run['dataset'] = run_args + ['--file', str(dataset_cfgfile)] if self._src_mode != 'dataset' and ( force or self._need_reload(self._stores['git'])): to_run['git'] = run_args + ['--local'] \ if self._src_mode == 'dataset-local' \ else run_args # reload everything that was found todo while to_run: store_id, runargs = to_run.popitem() self._stores[store_id] = self._reload(runargs) # always update the merged representation, even if we did not reload # anything from a file. ENV or overrides could change independently # start with the commit dataset config merged = self._stores['dataset']['cfg'].copy() # local config always takes precedence merged.update(self._stores['git']['cfg']) # superimpose overrides merged.update(self.overrides) # override with environment variables, unless we only want to read the # dataset's commit config if self._src_mode != 'dataset': _update_from_env(merged) self._merged_store = merged
def _need_reload(self, store): storestats = store['stats'] if not storestats: return True # we have read files before # check if any file we read from has changed curstats = self._get_stats(store) return any(curstats[f] != storestats[f] for f in store['files']) def _reload(self, run_args): # query git-config stdout, stderr = self._run( run_args, protocol=StdOutErrCapture, # always expect git-config to output utf-8 encoding='utf-8', ) store = {} store['cfg'], store['files'] = parse_gitconfig_dump( stdout, cwd=self._runner.cwd) # update stats of config files, they have just been discovered # and should still exist store['stats'] = self._get_stats(store) return store @staticmethod def _get_stats(store): stats = {} for f in store['files']: if f.exists: stat = f.stat() stats[f] = _stat_result(stat.st_ino, stat.st_size, stat.st_ctime, stat.st_mtime) else: stats[f] = None return stats
[docs] @_where_reload def obtain(self, var, default=None, dialog_type=None, valtype=None, store=False, where=None, reload=True, **kwargs): """ Convenience method to obtain settings interactively, if needed A UI will be used to ask for user input in interactive sessions. Questions to ask, and additional explanations can be passed directly as arguments, or retrieved from a list of pre-configured items. Additionally, this method allows for type conversion and storage of obtained settings. Both aspects can also be pre-configured. Parameters ---------- var : str Variable name including any section like `git config` expects them, e.g. 'core.editor' default : any type In interactive sessions and if `store` is True, this default value will be presented to the user for confirmation (or modification). In all other cases, this value will be silently assigned unless there is an existing configuration setting. dialog_type : {'question', 'yesno', None} Which dialog type to use in interactive sessions. If `None`, pre-configured UI options are used. store : bool Whether to store the obtained value (or default) %s `**kwargs` Additional arguments for the UI function call, such as a question `text`. """ # do local import, as this module is import prominently and the # could theoretically import all kind of weird things for type # conversion from datalad.interface.common_cfg import definitions as cfg_defs # fetch what we know about this variable cdef = cfg_defs.get(var, {}) # type conversion setup if valtype is None and 'type' in cdef: valtype = cdef['type'] if valtype is None: valtype = lambda x: x # any default? if default is None and 'default' in cdef: default = cdef['default'] _value = None if var in self: # nothing needs to be obtained, it is all here already _value = self[var] elif store is False and default is not None: # nothing will be stored, and we have a default -> no user confirmation # we cannot use logging, because we want to use the config to confiugre # the logging #lgr.debug('using default {} for config setting {}'.format(default, var)) _value = default if _value is not None: # we got everything we need and can exit early try: return valtype(_value) except Exception as e: raise ValueError( "value '{}' of existing configuration for '{}' cannot be " "converted to the desired type '{}' ({})".format( _value, var, valtype, exc_str(e))) # now we need to try to obtain something from the user from datalad.ui import ui # configure UI dialog_opts = kwargs if dialog_type is None: # no override # check for common knowledge on how to obtain a value if 'ui' in cdef: dialog_type = cdef['ui'][0] # pull standard dialog settings dialog_opts = cdef['ui'][1] # update with input dialog_opts.update(kwargs) if (not ui.is_interactive or dialog_type is None) and default is None: raise RuntimeError( "cannot obtain value for configuration item '{}', " "not preconfigured, no default, no UI available".format(var)) if not hasattr(ui, dialog_type): raise ValueError("UI '{}' does not support dialog type '{}'".format( ui, dialog_type)) # configure storage destination, if needed if store: if where is None and 'destination' in cdef: where = cdef['destination'] if where is None: raise ValueError( "request to store configuration item '{}', but no " "storage destination specified".format(var)) # obtain via UI dialog = getattr(ui, dialog_type) _value = dialog(default=default, **dialog_opts) if _value is None: # we got nothing if default is None: raise RuntimeError( "could not obtain value for configuration item '{}', " "not preconfigured, no default".format(var)) # XXX maybe we should return default here, even it was returned # from the UI -- if that is even possible # execute type conversion before storing to check that we got # something that looks like what we want try: value = valtype(_value) except Exception as e: raise ValueError( "cannot convert user input `{}` to desired type ({})".format( _value, exc_str(e))) # XXX we could consider "looping" until we have a value of proper # type in case of a user typo... if store: # store value as it was before any conversion, needs to be str # anyway # needs string conversion nevertheless, because default could come # in as something else self.add(var, '{}'.format(_value), where=where, reload=reload) return value
def __repr__(self): # give full list of all tracked config files, plus overrides return "ConfigManager({}{})".format( [str(p) for p in self._stores['dataset']['files'].union( self._stores['git']['files'])], ', overrides={!r}'.format(self.overrides) if self.overrides else '', ) def __str__(self): # give path of dataset, if there is any, plus overrides return "ConfigManager({}{})".format( self._repo_pathobj if self._repo_pathobj else '', 'with overrides' if self.overrides else '', ) # # Compatibility with dict API # def __len__(self): return len(self._merged_store) def __getitem__(self, key): return self._merged_store.__getitem__(key) def __contains__(self, key): return self._merged_store.__contains__(key)
[docs] def keys(self): """Returns list of configuration item names""" return self._merged_store.keys()
# XXX should this be *args?
[docs] def get(self, key, default=None, get_all=False): """D.get(k[,d]) -> D[k] if k in D, else d. d defaults to None. Parameters ---------- default : optional Value to return when key is not present. `None` by default. get_all : bool, optional If True, return all values of multiple identical configuration keys. By default only the last specified value is returned. """ try: val = self[key] if get_all or not isinstance(val, tuple): return val else: return val[-1] except KeyError: # return as-is, default could be a tuple, hence do not subject to # get_all processing return default
[docs] def get_from_source(self, source, key, default=None): """Like get(), but a source can be specific. If `source` is 'dataset', only the committed configuration is queried, overrides are applied. In the case of 'local', the committed configuration is ignored, but overrides and configuration from environment variables are applied as usual. """ if source not in ('dataset', 'local'): raise ValueError("source must be 'dataset' or 'local'") if source == 'dataset': return self.overrides.get( key, self._stores['dataset']['cfg'].get( key, default)) else: if key not in self._stores['dataset']['cfg']: # the key is not in the committed config, hence we can # just report based on the merged representation return self.get(key, default) else: # expensive case, rebuild a config without the committed # dataset config contributing env = {} _update_from_env(env) return env.get( key, self.overrides.get( key, self._stores['local']['cfg'].get( key, default)))
# # Compatibility with ConfigParser API #
[docs] def sections(self): """Returns a list of the sections available""" return list(set([cfg_section_regex.match(k).group(1) for k in self._merged_store]))
[docs] def options(self, section): """Returns a list of options available in the specified section.""" opts = [] for k in self._merged_store: sec, opt = cfg_sectionoption_regex.match(k).groups() if sec == section: opts.append(opt) return opts
[docs] def has_section(self, section): """Indicates whether a section is present in the configuration""" for k in self._merged_store: if k.startswith(section): return True return False
[docs] def has_option(self, section, option): """If the given section exists, and contains the given option""" for k in self._merged_store: sec, opt = cfg_sectionoption_regex.match(k).groups() if sec == section and opt == option: return True return False
def _get_type(self, typefn, section, option): key = '.'.join([section, option]) # Mimic the handling of get_value(..., default=None), while still going # through get() in order to get its default tuple handling. if key not in self: raise KeyError(key) return typefn(self.get(key))
[docs] def getint(self, section, option): """A convenience method which coerces the option value to an integer""" return self._get_type(int, section, option)
[docs] def getfloat(self, section, option): """A convenience method which coerces the option value to a float""" return self._get_type(float, section, option)
[docs] def getbool(self, section, option, default=None): """A convenience method which coerces the option value to a bool Values "on", "yes", "true" and any int!=0 are considered True Values which evaluate to bool False, "off", "no", "false" are considered False TypeError is raised for other values. """ key = '.'.join([section, option]) # Mimic the handling of get_value(..., default=None), while still going # through get() in order to get its default tuple handling. if default is None and key not in self: raise KeyError(key) val = self.get(key, default=default) if val is None: # no value at all, git treats it as True return True return anything2bool(val)
# this is a hybrid of ConfigParser and dict API
[docs] def items(self, section=None): """Return a list of (name, value) pairs for each option Optionally limited to a given section. """ if section is None: return self._merged_store.items() return [(k, v) for k, v in self._merged_store.items() if cfg_section_regex.match(k).group(1) == section]
# # Compatibility with GitPython's ConfigParser #
[docs] def get_value(self, section, option, default=None): """Like `get()`, but with an optional default value If the default is not None, the given default value will be returned in case the option did not exist. This behavior imitates GitPython's config parser. """ try: return self['.'.join((section, option))] except KeyError as e: # this strange dance is needed because gitpython does it this way if default is not None: return default else: raise e
# # Modify configuration (proxy respective git-config call) # @_where_reload def _run(self, args, where=None, reload=False, **kwargs): """Centralized helper to run "git config" calls Parameters ---------- args : list Arguments to pass for git config %s **kwargs Keywords arguments for Runner's call """ if where: args = self._get_location_args(where) + args if '-l' in args: # we are just reading, no need to reload, no need to lock out = self._runner.run(self._config_cmd + args, **kwargs) return out['stdout'], out['stderr'] # all other calls are modifications if '--file' in args: # all paths we are passing are absolute custom_file = Path(args[args.index('--file') + 1]) custom_file.parent.mkdir(exist_ok=True) lockfile = None if self._repo_dot_git and ('--local' in args or '--file' in args): # modification of config in a dataset lockfile = self._repo_dot_git / 'config.dataladlock' else: # follow pattern in downloaders for lockfile location lockfile = Path(self.obtain('datalad.locations.locks')) \ / 'gitconfig.lck' with ConfigManager._run_lock, InterProcessLock(lockfile, logger=lgr): out = self._runner.run(self._config_cmd + args, **kwargs) if reload: self.reload() return out['stdout'], out['stderr'] def _get_location_args(self, where, args=None): if args is None: args = [] cfg_labels = ('dataset', 'local', 'global', 'override') if where not in cfg_labels: raise ValueError( "unknown configuration label '{}' (not in {})".format( where, cfg_labels)) if where == 'dataset': if not self._repo_pathobj: raise ValueError( 'ConfigManager cannot store configuration to dataset, ' 'none specified') dataset_cfgfile = self._repo_pathobj / DATASET_CONFIG_FILE args.extend(['--file', str(dataset_cfgfile)]) elif where == 'global': args.append('--global') elif where == 'local': args.append('--local') return args
[docs] @_where_reload def add(self, var, value, where='dataset', reload=True): """Add a configuration variable and value Parameters ---------- var : str Variable name including any section like `git config` expects them, e.g. 'core.editor' value : str Variable value %s""" if where == 'override': from datalad.utils import ensure_list val = ensure_list(self.overrides.pop(var, None)) val.append(value) self.overrides[var] = val[0] if len(val) == 1 else val if reload: self.reload(force=True) return self._run(['--add', var, value], where=where, reload=reload, protocol=StdOutErrCapture)
[docs] @_where_reload def set(self, var, value, where='dataset', reload=True, force=False): """Set a variable to a value. In opposition to `add`, this replaces the value of `var` if there is one already. Parameters ---------- var : str Variable name including any section like `git config` expects them, e.g. 'core.editor' value : str Variable value force: bool if set, replaces all occurrences of `var` by a single one with the given `value`. Otherwise raise if multiple entries for `var` exist already %s""" if where == 'override': self.overrides[var] = value if reload: self.reload(force=True) return from datalad.support.gitrepo import to_options self._run(to_options(replace_all=force) + [var, value], where=where, reload=reload, protocol=StdOutErrCapture)
[docs] @_where_reload def rename_section(self, old, new, where='dataset', reload=True): """Rename a configuration section Parameters ---------- old : str Name of the section to rename. new : str Name of the section to rename to. %s""" if where == 'override': self.overrides = { (new + k[len(old):]) if k.startswith(old + '.') else k: v for k, v in self.overrides.items() } if reload: self.reload(force=True) return self._run(['--rename-section', old, new], where=where, reload=reload)
[docs] @_where_reload def remove_section(self, sec, where='dataset', reload=True): """Rename a configuration section Parameters ---------- sec : str Name of the section to remove. %s""" if where == 'override': self.overrides = { k: v for k, v in self.overrides.items() if not k.startswith(sec + '.') } if reload: self.reload(force=True) return self._run(['--remove-section', sec], where=where, reload=reload)
[docs] @_where_reload def unset(self, var, where='dataset', reload=True): """Remove all occurrences of a variable Parameters ---------- var : str Name of the variable to remove %s""" if where == 'override': self.overrides.pop(var, None) if reload: self.reload(force=True) return # use unset all as it is simpler for now self._run(['--unset-all', var], where=where, reload=reload)
[docs]def rewrite_url(cfg, url): """Any matching 'url.<base>.insteadOf' configuration is applied Any URL that starts with such a configuration will be rewritten to start, instead, with <base>. When more than one insteadOf strings match a given URL, the longest match is used. Parameters ---------- cfg : ConfigManager or dict dict-like with configuration variable name/value-pairs. url : str URL to be rewritten, if matching configuration is found. Returns ------- str Rewritten or unmodified URL. """ insteadof = { # only leave the base url k[4:-10]: v for k, v in cfg.items() if k.startswith('url.') and k.endswith('.insteadof') } # all config that applies matches = { key: v for key, val in insteadof.items() for v in (val if isinstance(val, tuple) else (val,)) if url.startswith(v) } # find longest match, like Git does if matches: rewrite_base, match = sorted( matches.items(), key=lambda x: len(x[1]), reverse=True, )[0] if sum(match == v for v in matches.values()) > 1: lgr.warning( "Ignoring URL rewrite configuration for '%s', " "multiple conflicting definitions exists: %s", match, ['url.{}.insteadof'.format(k) for k, v in matches.items() if v == match] ) else: url = '{}{}'.format(rewrite_base, url[len(match):]) return url
# for convenience, bind to class too ConfigManager.rewrite_url = rewrite_url # # Helpers for bypassing git-config when _writing_ config items, # mostly useful when a large number of changes needs to be made # and directly file manipulation without a safety net is worth # the risk for performance reasons. #
[docs]def quote_config(v): """Helper to perform minimal quoting of config keys/value parts Parameters ---------- v : str To-be-quoted string """ white = (' ', '\t') # backslashes need to be quoted in any case v = v.replace('\\', '\\\\') # must not have additional unquoted quotes v = v.replace('"', '\\"') if v[0] in white or v[-1] in white: # quoting the value due to leading/trailing whitespace v = '"{}"'.format(v) return v
[docs]def write_config_section(fobj, suite, name, props): """Write a config section with (multiple) settings. Parameters ---------- fobj : File Opened target file suite : str First item of the section name, e.g. 'submodule', or 'datalad' name : str Remainder of the section name props : dict Keys are configuration setting names within the section context (i.e. not duplicating `suite` and/or `name`, values are configuration setting values. """ fmt = '[{_suite_} {_q_}{_name_}{_q_}]\n' for p in props: fmt += '\t{p} = {{{p}}}\n'.format(p=p) quoted_name = quote_config(name) fobj.write( fmt.format( _suite_=suite, _q_='' if quoted_name.startswith('"') else '"', _name_=quoted_name, **{k: quote_config(v) for k, v in props.items()}))