Positional vs Keyword parameters

Specification scope and status

This specification is a proposal, subject to review and further discussion. Technical preview was implemented in the PR #6176.


Python allows for keyword arguments (arguments with default values) to be specified positionally. That complicates addition or removal of new keyword arguments since such changes must account for their possible positional use. Moreover, in case of our Interface’s, it contributes to inhomogeneity since when used in CLI, all keyword arguments must be specified via non-positional --<option>’s, whenever Python interface allows for them to be used positionally.

Python 3 added possibility to use a * separator in the function definition to mandate that all keyword arguments after it must be be used only via keyword (<option>=<value>) specification. It is encouraged to use * to explicitly separate out positional from keyword arguments in majority of the cases, and below we outline two major types of constructs.


Subclasses of the Interface provide specification and implementation for both CLI and Python API interfaces. All new interfaces must separate all CLI --options from positional arguments using * in their __call__ signature.

Note: that some positional arguments could still be optional (e.g., destination path for clone), and thus should be listed before *, despite been defined as a keyword argument in the __call__ signature.

A unit-test will be provided to guarantee such consistency between CLI and Python interfaces. Overall, exceptions to this rule could be only some old(er) interfaces.

Regular functions and methods

Use of * is encouraged for any function (or method) with keyword arguments. Generally, * should come before the first keyword argument, but similarly to the Interfaces above, it is left to the discretion of the developer to possibly allocate some (just few) arguments which could be used positionally if specified.